Comparative Chronology: Magisterial and Pre-

Year Magisterial Pre-
1330 John Wycliffe is born.
1372 John Wycliffe receives doctorate in theology from Oxford. Jan Hus is born.
1375 Wycliffe writes *On Divine Dominion*
1376 Wycliffe writes *On Civil Dominion*.
1377 Papal bulls issued demanding Wycliffe stop teaching heresy at Oxford.
1382 Wycliffe leaves Oxford to live in his parish in Lutterworth. Wycliffe's teachings are condemned by the Synod of London.
1384 John Wycliffe dies.
1396 Jan Hus receives master of arts degree from University of Prague.
1398 Jan Hus begins lecturing at the University of Prague.
1402 Hus becomes preacher at Bethlehem Chapel in Prague.
1409 Council of Pisa. [More]
1410 Jan Hus is excommunicated.
1412 Jan Hus leaves Prague to live in southern Bohemia. Jan Hus writes The Expositions.
1413 Jan Hus writes Concerning Simony.
1414 Jan Hus summoned to appear at the Council of Constance. [More] Pope Sixtus IV is born. Thomas a Kempis writes, "The Imitation of Christ."
1415 Jan Hus is burned at the stake.
1428 John Wycliffe's bones are exhumed and burned according to papal command.
1431 Pope Alexander VI is born.
1432 Pope Innocent VIII is born.
1436 Francisco Ximenez (Jimenez) de Cisneros is born.
1439 Pope Pius III is born.
1443 Pope Julius II is born.
1445 Johann Geiler von Kaysersberg is born.
1452 Girolamo Savonarola is born.
1463 Frederick the Wise, elector of Saxony is born.
1465 Johann Tetzel probably born in this year.
1469 Tommaso de Vio Gaetani Cajetan is born.
1473 Cardinal Ximenez is imprisoned by Alonso de Carrillo archbishop of Toledo.
1478 Wolfgang Capito is born.
1479 Cardinal Ximenez is released from prison by Archbishop Carrillo.
1480 Andreas Rudolf Bodenstein von Karlstadt is born.
1482 Johann Oecolampadius is born. Cardinal Ximenez is appointed vicar- general of Siguenza. Bishop Albert of Bavaria calls for a synod in Strasbourg to address issues of reform. Johann Geiler von Kaysersberg serves as official preacher.
1483 Luther is born in Eisleben.
1484 Ulrich Zwingli is born in St. Gall. Joachim Vadian is born in St Gall. Cardinal Ximenez enters a convent in Toledo. Pope Sixtus IV dies.
1485 Johann Bugenhagen born in Pomerania.
1489 Guillaume (William) Farel is born.
1490 Argula von Grumbach is born.
1491 Martin Bucer is born.
1492 Berchtold Haller is born. Cardinal Ximenez is appointed confessor to Queen Isabella I. Pope Innocent VIII dies.
1495 Cardinal Ximenez begins Catholic reform in Spain
1497 Philipp Melanchthon (born Philip Schwartzerdt) is born. Katharina Zell is born.
1498 Ulrich Zwingli enrolls at the University of Vienna. Andreas Osiander is born.
1501 Joachim Vadian begins studies at the University of Vienna.
1502 University of Wittenberg established by Frederick, Elector of Saxony. Ulrich Zwingli transfers to University in Basel.
1503 Pope Alexander VI dies. Pope Pius III dies.
1504 Ulrich Zwingli receives BA from Basel. Wibrandis Rosenblatt born. Heinrich Bullinger is born.
1506 Zwingli receives Master of Arts at University of Basel. Ulrich Zwingli receives MA from Basel. Ulrich Zwingli is ordained and becomes parish priest in Glarus.
1507 Cardinal Ximenez is named inquisitor general and becomes a cardinal.
1508 Melanchthon begins studies at Pforzheim. Joachim Vadian receives MA from the University of Vienna. Cardinal Ximenez founds the University of Alcala.
1509 John Calvin is born. Melanchthon begins studies at Heidelberg.
1510 Luther visits Rome. Johann Geiler von Kaysersberg dies.
1511 Berchtold Haller receives Masters degree from the University of Cologne.
1512 Melanchthon begins studies at Tübingen.
1513 Berchtold Haller moves to Bern. Pope Julius II dies.
1514 Joachim Vadian begins to study medicine and is crowned poet laureate by the emperor.
1515 Battle of Marignano causes Zwingli to preach against mercenary system.
1516 Ulrich Zwingli becomes rector of the monastic church at Einsiedeln. Joachim Vadian is appointed rector at the University of Vienna and begins teaching rhetoric. Theodore Beza is born.
1517 Joachim Vadian receives doctorate in medicine. Pope Leo X commissions Prierias to respond to Luther's 95 thesis. Prierias' *Dialogus* is sent to Luther who responds with *Responsio.* Luther posts the 95 These to the door of the Wittenberg Castle church. Cardinal Francisco Ximenez (Jimenez) de Cisneros dies at Roa.
1518 Ulrich Zwingli becomes priest at the Great Minster in Zurich. Melanchthon begins teaching Greek at Wittenberg. Joachim Vadian resigns from his post at the University of Vienna and returns to St Gall where he is named city physician. Joachim Vadian and Conrad Grebel climb Mount Pilatus together.
1519 Leipzig Disputation between Luther and Eck. Karlstadt also debates Eck. [More] Joachim Vadian marries Martha Grebel, Conrad Grebel’s sister.
1520 Luther Writes: To the Christian Nobility, On the Babylonian Captivity of the Church, and The Freedom of a Christian Heinrich Bullinger receives BA from University of Cologne. Berchtold Haller is ordained a priest.
1521 Edict of Worms issued by Charles V declares Luther an outlaw. Pope Leo X calls King Henry VIII “Defender of the Faith” for his publication of an anti-Luther tract. Diet of Worms [More] Zwickau prophets arrive in Wittenberg. Johann Oecolampadius enters a Briggitine monastery. Ulrich Zwingli and Berchtold Haller meet for the first time. Johann Bugenhagen enrolls at Wittenberg. Luther is kidnapped and taken to Wartburg Castle. [More]
1522 Ulrich Zwingli defends those who eat meat during Lent. Ulrich Zwingli secretly marries Anna Rhinehardt. Heinrich Bullinger receives MA from University of Cologne.
1523 First Zurich Disputation between Zwingli and Johann Faber vicar-general of Constance. Reformation begins in Zurich. Second Zurich Disputation in which Zwingli argued for the removal of images from churches. Grebel unsuccessfully argued for the abolition of the mass. Johann Oecolampadius becomes professor at Basel. Heinrich Bullinger becomes head teacher at Cistercian monastery at Kappel. Heinrich Bullinger meets Ulrich Zwingli.
1524 Ulrich Zwingli's marriage to Anna Rhinehardt made public. Luther and Karlstadt meet at the Black Bear Inn in Jena.
1525 Eck publishes Arguments against Luther and Other Enemies of the Church. Luther marries Katherine von Bora. [More] Heinrich Bullinger abolishes the mass at Cistercian monastery. Schwenckfeld visits Wittenberg and debates Martin Luther concerning the Eucharist. Berchtold Haller ceases saying Mass in Bern. Luther allows Karlstadt to seek refuge in Wittenberg. Heinrich Bullinger attends Zurich disputation with Anabaptists.
1526 Heinrich Bullinger celebrates reformed eucharist at Cistercian monastery. First Diet of Speyer. Joachim Vadian becomes mayor of St Gall. Later that year, St Gall becomes a reformed city. Ulrich Zwingli and Berchtold Haller attend the Baden Disputation.
1528 Heinrich Bullinger accompanies Ulrich Zwingli to the disputation at Bern Joachim Vadian moderates the Bern Disputation. Jeanne of Navarre is born.
1529 Luther and Zwingli debate at Marburg Colloquy [More] Schmalkald League is formed by Lutheran princes to defend their faith. Second Diet of Speyer. [More] Heinrich Bullinger marries Anna Adlischwyler. Bremgarten becomes a reformed town. Heinrich Bullinger replaces his father as pastor at Bremgarten.
1530 Bucer and Capito write Tetrapolitan Confession. Zwingli helps Karlstadt become a deacon at the Grossmünster in Zurich.
1531 Zwingli dies at the Battle of Kappel. Johann Oecolampadius dies. Heinrich Bullinger arrives in Zurich. Replaces Zwingli as pastor in Zurich. Heinrich Bullinger flees Bremgarten due to the defeat of Zurich troops at Kappel.
1532 John Calvin publishes his first work—a commentary on Seneca’s De Clementia. Guillaume Farel arrives in Geneva. Berchtold Haller debates Anabaptists in Zofingen. Berchtold Haller and Capito write the Berner Synodus, a church order for Bern.
1533 Johann Bugenhagen receives hid doctorate of theology at Wittenberg.
1535 Calvin moves to Geneva. Council of Two Hundred passes a formal declaration that Geneva is a Protestant city.
1536 Calvin publishes the first edition of his Institutes of the Christian Religion. Heinrich Bullinger authors First Helvetic Confession. Berchtold Haller dies.
1537 The Little Council and the Council of Two Hundred adopt Calvin's 21 Articles.
1538 Calvin and William Farel are banished from Geneva. Calvin and Farel refuse to serve communion in Geneva. Libertines gain the majority in Geneva's city council.
1540 Calvin publishes his commentary on Romans. Calvin attends Diet of Hagenau. Calvin marries Idelette de Bures.
1541 Regensburg Colloquy. Calvin attends Diet of Regensburg. Wolfgang Capito dies. Geneva city councils approve Calvin's Ecclesiastical Ordinances as the church constitution. Calvin returns to Geneva.
1546 Luther dies in Eisleben. Schmalkald War begins. [More]
1547 Schmalkald War ends.
1551 Joachim Vadian dies. Martin Bucer dies.
1552 Andreas Osiander dies.
1553 Michael Servetus arrested in Geneva and burned at the stake.
1560 Melanchthon dies.
1561 Marie Dentiere dies.
1562 Katharina Zell dies.
1564 John Calvin dies. Wibrandis Rosenblatt dies. Heinrich Bullinger's wife Anna and three children die of the plague. Argula von Grumbach dies.
1566 Heinrich Bullinger authors Second Helvetic Confession.
1572 Jeanne of Navarre dies.
1575 Heinrich Bullinger dies.
1605 Theodore Beza dies.