Theological Perspectives
of the Reformation

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Reformation Happens The Reformation did not just "happen" in a vacuum. Many factors and persons within the church and society prior to the Reformation set the stage for this revolutionary movement.
Catholic Reformation The Catholic response to the Reformation was two-fold. Protestant "heresy" was refuted and institutional reforms were enacted. The Council of Trent articulated traditional doctrine and instituted moral and educational reforms.
Magisterial Reformation The Magisterial Reformation was led by Martin Luther, Ulrich Zwingli and John Calvin. The term "magisterial" refers to the fact that these reformers were supported by magistrates or ruling authorities.
English Reformation Although a strong anti-clerical protest had been present in Great Britain for years, the English Reformation officially began in 1534 when Henry VIII declared himself to be the supreme head of the Church of England.
Radical Reformation The Radical Reformation is the most diverse branch of the Reformation. Radicals could be either pacifists or armed revolutionaries. They often rejected infant baptism, but some rejected baptism entirely.
Women of the Reformation I have intentionally included many women of the Reformation within the same categories as the men in an attempt to demonstrate their importance to the overall movement. However, you can view them separately from this location if you wish.
Popes of the Renaissance and Reformation This section provides a chronological list of the reigns of the popes of the Renaissance and Reformation as well as a chronological list of events that occurred during the reign of each of the popes. Brief information about each pope is also provided.