Ingolstadt church
Cathedral in Ingolstadt where Johann Eck and Balthasar H¸bmaier preached.

The Catholic Reformation

The term Catholic Reformation is problematic for several reasons. One must not assume that the Catholic Church engaged in reform only as a reaction to the protestant reformation. Cardinal Ximenes was engaged in reform in Spain prior to Lutherís program. John Wycliffe (1330-1384) and Jan Hus (1372-1415) dealt with many of the same issues that Luther addressed. Catherine of Siena (1347-1380) also wrote against the Avignon Papacy. Additionally, the Council of Trent, the high-point of the Catholic Reformation, did not result in any significant changes to traditional Catholic doctrines.

Some have suggested that the term Catholic Reformation should refer to those aspects of the Catholic Church that were instituted to reform some problem areas within the church such as moral laxity and an uneducated clergy, but the term Counter-Reformation be used to describe actions that the Catholic Church took such as the Inquisition and the Index that were designed to squelch the Protestant Reformation.

Works Ecclesiastical Annals
The Spiritual Exercises of St. Ignatius of Loyola
In Praise of Folly
Way of Perfection by Teresa of Avila
Catechism of Trent
Council of Trent on Justification
God's Miraculous Tenderness Towards Us
Hymns O Living Bread from Heaven
O Darkest Woe
Father of Light, We Sing in Thy Praise
How Blest the Matron, Who, Endued
The Praises of That Saint We Sing
Critiques Luther on Johann Eck
Karlstadt on Saints and Wittenberg Theologians
Luther on Philosophy and Johann Eck
Luther on the Papacy
Events Leipzig Disputation
Battle of Moh·cs
Schmalkald War
Diet of Speyer 1529
Council of Trent
More Chronology of Catholic Reformation
Catholic Reformation Links
Catholic Reformation Album


Pope Adrian VI
Pope Clement VII
Pope Clement VIII
Pope Gregory XIII
Pope Gregory XIV
Pope Gregory XV
Pope Innocent IX
Pope Julius III
Pope Leo X
Pope Leo XI
Pope Marcellus II
Pope Paul III
Pope Paul IV
Pope Paul V
Pope Pius IV
Pope Pius V
Pope Sixtus V
Pope Urban VII
Charles V
Cesare Baronius
Robert Bellarmine
Anna Bijns
Tommaso de Vio Cajetan
Peter Canisius
Johannes Cochlaeus
Vittoria Colonna
Gasparo Contarini
Johann Eck
Ignatius Loyola
Paola Antonia Negri
Albert Pighius
Sylvester Mazzolini Prierias
Teresa of Avila
Konrad Wimpina