Wittenberg Door
This is the door of the Castle church in Wittenberg where Martin Luther nailed the 95 Theses.

The Magisterial Reformation

Martin Luther, Ulrich Zwingli and John Calvin are considered Magisterial Reformers because their reform movements were supported by magistrates or ruling authorities. Frederick the Wise not only supported Luther, who was a professor at the university he founded, but also protected him by hiding Luther in Wartburg Castle in Eisenach. Zwingli and Calvin were supported by the city councils in Zurich and Geneva. The Reformed tradition was founded by Zwingli and Calvin, whereas the Lutheran Church was the product of Martin Lutherís reform.

Since the term 'magister' also means 'teacher,' the Magisterial Reformation is also characterized by an emphasis on the authority of a teacher. This is made evident in the prominance of Luther, Calvin, and Zwingli as leaders of the reform movements in their respective areas of ministry. Because of their authority, they were often criticized by Radical Reformers as being too much like the Roman Popes. For example, Radical Reformer Andreas von Bodenstein Karlstadt referred to the Wittenberg theologians as the 'new papists.'

Works The 95 Theses
Augsburg Confession
On the Christian Life by John Calvin
Formula of Concord
Second Helvetic Confession
Luther's Large Catechism
The German Mass and Order of Divine Service
Of Prayer by John Calvin
Assorted Luther Sermons
Luther's Small Catechism
Luther's Table Talk
Tetrapolitan Confession
Hymns To God the Anthem Raising
My Soul Now Praise Thy Maker
Out of the Deep I Cry to Thee
A Mighty Fortress Is Our God
Christ Jesus Lay in Death's Strong Bands
Give Peace in These Our Days
All Praise to Jesus' Hallowed Name
I Greet Thee Who My Sure Redeemer Art
That Man a Godly Life Might Live
Critiques Calvin's Enemies in Geneva
Anna Bijns On Luther and the Peasants
Calvin on Osiander
Anna Bijns on Lutherans
Grebel Attacks Luther's Resistance to Reform
Thomas M¸ntzer Critiques Luther
Karlstadt on Saints and Wittenberg Theologians
Osiander's Comment after Martin Luther's Death
Pope Pius IV Critiques Calvin
Events Leipzig Disputation
The Marburg Colloquy
Martin Luther's Marriage
Battle of Moh·cs
Peasants' War
Schmalkald War
Diet of Speyer 1529
Wartburg Castle
Diet of Worms
More Chronology of Magisterial Reformation
Magisterial Reformation Links
Magisterial Reformation Album


Jerome Bolsec
Marguerite D'Angouleme
Frederick the Wise
Johannes Brenz
Johannes Bugenhagen
Wolfgang Capito
Argula von Grumbach
Martin Luther
Philipp Melanchthon
Andreas Osiander
Katharina Zell
Theodore Beza
Martin Bucer
Heinrich Bullinger
John Calvin
Marie Dentiere
Berchtold Haller
John Hooper
Jeanne of Navarre
Joachim Vadian
Peter Martyr Vermigli
Ulrich Zwingli