Robert Bellarmine

Movement Catholic Reformation
Born Montepulciano, 1542
Died Sant' Andrea, 1621
Significance Bellarmine was a Jesuit theologian who became a cardinal in 1599 and was one of the most influential Catholic leaders of his time. He served as chair of controversial theology from 1576 to 1588. His greatest theological work was Controversies which was published in three volumes from 1586 to 1593. This work was a compilation and systemization of arguments against Protestant theology and was one of the most valuable tools for Catholics against the Reformation. His claim that the pope did not have direct power over the entire world, only the church, almost led to his writings being placed on the Index of forbidden books by pope Sixtus V.
Works Controversies
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