Exhaustive Chronology

1330 John Wycliffe is born.
1372 John Wycliffe receives doctorate in theology from Oxford.
1372 Jan Hus is born.
1375 Wycliffe writes *On Divine Dominion*
1376 Wycliffe writes *On Civil Dominion*.
1377 Papal bulls issued demanding Wycliffe stop teaching heresy at Oxford.
1382 Wycliffe leaves Oxford to live in his parish in Lutterworth.
1382 Wycliffe's teachings are condemned by the Synod of London.
1384 John Wycliffe dies.
1396 Jan Hus receives master of arts degree from University of Prague.
1398 Jan Hus begins lecturing at the University of Prague.
1402 Hus becomes preacher at Bethlehem Chapel in Prague.
1409 Council of Pisa. Council of Pisa
1410 Jan Hus is excommunicated.
1412 Jan Hus leaves Prague to live in southern Bohemia.
1412 Jan Hus writes The Expositions.
1413 Jan Hus writes Concerning Simony.
1414 Jan Hus summoned to appear at the Council of Constance. Council of Constance (1414-1418)
1414 Pope Sixtus IV is born.
1414 Thomas a Kempis writes, "The Imitation of Christ."
1415 July 6 Jan Hus is burned at the stake.
1428 John Wycliffe's bones are exhumed and burned according to papal command.
1431 Pope Alexander VI is born.
1432 Pope Innocent VIII is born.
1436 Francisco Ximenez (Jimenez) de Cisneros is born.
1439 Pope Pius III is born.
1443 Pope Julius II is born.
1445 Johann Geiler von Kaysersberg is born.
1452 Girolamo Savonarola is born.
1452 Robert Bellarmine is born.
1455 Pope Callistus III elected.
1456 Sylvester Mazzolini Prierias is born.
1458 Pope Pius II elected.
1459 Pope Adrian VI is born.
1460 James Hochstraten is born.
1463 Frederick the Wise, elector of Saxony is born.
1464 Pope Paul II elected.
1465 Johann Tetzel probably born in this year.
1469 Tommaso de Vio Gaetani Cajetan is born.
1471 Pope Sixtus IV elected.
1471 Prierias becomes a Dominican.
1473 Cardinal Ximenez is imprisoned by Alonso de Carrillo archbishop of Toledo.
1475 Pope Leo X is born.
1478 Sixtus IV empowers the Catholic sovereigns to set up the Inquisition.
1478 Thomas More is probably born.
1478 Wolfgang Capito is born.
1478 Pope Clement VII is born.
1479 Cardinal Ximenez is released from prison by Archbishop Carrillo.
1479 Johannes Cochlaeus is born.
1480 Balthasar Hubmaeir is probably born.
1480 Andreas Rudolf Bodenstein von Karlstadt is born.
1482 Johann Oecolampadius is born.
1482 Cardinal Ximenez is appointed vicar- general of Siguenza.
1482 April 18 Bishop Albert of Bavaria calls for a synod in Strasbourg to address issues of reform. Johann Geiler von Kaysersberg serves as official preacher.
1483 Luther is born in Eisleben.
1483 Gasparo Contarini is born.
1484 Ulrich Zwingli is born in St. Gall.
1484 Pope Innocent VIII elected.
1484 Joachim Vadian is born in St Gall.
1484 Cardinal Ximenez enters a convent in Toledo.
1484 Hugh Latimer is born.
1484 Pope Sixtus IV dies.
1485 Thomas Cromwell probably born.
1485 Johann Bugenhagen born in Pomerania.
1486 Johann (John) Eck is born.
1486 Karlstadt is born.
1487 Pope Julius III is born.
1488 Cajetan begins studies in Bologna.
1489 Guillaume (William) Farel is born.
1489 Thomas Munzer is born.
1489 Thomas Cranmer is born.
1489 John Cochlaeus is born.
1489 Kaspar von Schwenckfeld is born.
1490 Michael Sattler probably born.
1490 Hans Hut probably born.
1490 Vittoria Colonna is born.
1490 Albert Pighius is born.
1490 Argula von Grumbach is born.
1490 Thomas M¸ntzer is born.
1491 Henry VIII is born.
1491 George Blaurock is born.
1491 Ignatius Loyola is born.
1491 Cajetan goes to Padua to finish studies and teach.
1491 Martin Bucer is born.
1492 The Moors are driven out of Granada and Ferdinand and Isabella expel the Jews from Spain.
1492 Menno Simons born in Witmarsum.
1492 Pope Alexander VI elected.
1492 Cardinal Ximenez is appointed confessor to Queen Isabella I.
1492 Berchtold Haller is born.
1492 Pope Innocent VIII dies.
1493 Cajetan begins lecturing at Padua on Peter Lombard's Sentences.
1494 Cajetan appointed university chair of Thomistic studies at Padua.
1494 Anna Bijns is born.
1494 William Tyndale is born.
1495 Cardinal Ximenez begins Catholic reform in Spain
1495 Francisco Ximenez (Jimenez) de Cisneros becomes archbishop of Toledo.
1495 Robert Barnes is born.
1495 Pilgram Marpeck is born.
1495 Prierias begins teaching at Bologna.
1495 Thomas Bilney born in Norwich.
1496 Cajetan publishes commentary on Aquinas' On Being and Essence.
1497 Philipp Melanchthon (born Philip Schwartzerdt) is born.
1497 Cajetan becomes professor of Thomistic theology in Pavia.
1497 Katharina Zell is born.
1498 Girolamo Savonarola burned at the stake.
1498 Ulrich Zwingli enrolls at the University of Vienna.
1498 Johann Eck enters University of Heidelberg.
1498 Cajetan publishes The Analogy of Names.
1498 Andreas Osiander is born.
1499 Cajetan called to teach in Milan.
1500 Juan de Valdes is born.
1500 Jacob Hutter is born.
1500 Reginald Pole is born.
1501 Arthur marries Catharine of Aragon.
1501 Johann Eck receives MA from Tubingen.
1501 Cajetan called to Rome and appointed procurator general of Dominicans.
1501 Joachim Vadian begins studies at the University of Vienna.
1502 University of Wittenberg established by Frederick, Elector of Saxony.
1502 Ulrich Zwingli transfers to University in Basel.
1502 Johann Eck publishes On the Primacy of Peter against Luther. A report on the Leipzig debate with Luther and Karlstadt.
1502 Karlstadt receives MA from Erfurt.
1502 Pope Gregory XIII is born.
1503 Pope Pius elected.
1503 Pope Julius II elected.
1503 Erasmus publishes Handbook of a Christian Soldier.
1503 Balthasar H¸bmaier begins his studies at the University of Freidburg.
1503 Pope Alexander VI dies.
1503 Pope Pius III dies.
1504 Pope Julius II allows Henry VIII to marry Catharine of Aragon.
1504 Matthew Parker is born.
1504 Ulrich Zwingli receives BA from Basel.
1504 Wibrandis Rosenblatt born.
1504 Heinrich Bullinger is born.
1505 Thomas More marries Jane Colt.
1506 Pope Julius II orders work on St. Peterís Basilica in Rome.
1506 Zwingli receives Master of Arts at University of Basel.
1506 Francis Xavier is born.
1506 Ulrich Zwingli receives MA from Basel.
1506 Ulrich Zwingli is ordained and becomes parish priest in Glarus.
1506 Cajetan publishes: On Interpretation, Posterior Analytics, The Categories, Metaphysics
1507 Pope appoints Cajetan as vicar general of Dominicans.
1507 Cardinal Ximenez is named inquisitor general and becomes a cardinal.
1508 Cardinal Ximenez founds the University of Alcala.
1508 Johann Eck is ordained.
1508 Melanchthon begins studies at Pforzheim.
1508 Cajetan sends Dominicans to the New World.
1508 Joachim Vadian receives MA from the University of Vienna.
1508 Paola Antonia Negri is born.
1509 John Calvin is born.
1509 Melanchthon begins studies at Heidelberg.
1509 Vittoria Colonna marries Ferrante Francesco d'Avalos, a Spanish noble.
1509 Jan of Leiden is born.
1509 Henry VIII marries Catharine of Aragon.
1510 Luther visits Rome.
1510 Johann Eck receives Doctor of Theology from University of Freiburg and begins to teach at Ingolstadt.
1510 Cajetan publishes The Infinity of the First Mover.
1510 Johann Geiler von Kaysersberg dies.
1510 Anna Jansz is born.
1510 Karlstadt receives doctorate in theology at Wittenberg.
1511 Cajetan publishes A Comparison of the Authority of the Pope and Councils
1511 Berchtold Haller receives Masters degree from the University of Cologne.
1511 Michael Servetus is born.
1512 Balthasar H¸bmaier begins studies at the University of Ingolstadt at the urging of Johann Eck.
1512 Balthasar H¸bmaier receives Doctor of Theology degree from Ingolstadt.
1512 Melanchthon begins studies at T¸bingen.
1513 Giovanni de Medici becomes Pope Leo X.
1513 Berchtold Haller moves to Bern.
1513 Pope Julius II dies.
1514 Joachim Vadian begins to study medicine and is crowned poet laureate by the emperor.
1514 Katherine Parr is born
1514 Prierias begins teaching in Rome.
1514 Prierias publishes *Summa Silvestrina.*
1515 Teresa of Avila is born.
1515 Battle of Marignano causes Zwingli to preach against mercenary system.
1515 Karlstadt goes to Rome and studies to receive doctorate in canon law and civil law.
1515 Prierias named "Master of the Sacred Palace,"the court theologian to pope Leo X.
1516 Ulrich Zwingli becomes rector of the monastic church at Einsiedeln.
1516 Balthasar H¸bmaier becomes cathedral preacher at Regensburg.
1516 Joachim Vadian is appointed rector at the University of Vienna and begins teaching rhetoric.
1516 Theodore Beza is born.
1517 The Oratory of Divine Love is founded in Rome
1517 Cardinal Francisco Ximenez (Jimenez) de Cisneros dies at Roa.
1517 Francisco Ximenez (Jimenez) de Cisneros' Complutensian Polyglot Bible (began in 1502) is completed
1517 Cajetan named cardinal by pope Leo X.
1517 Joachim Vadian receives doctorate in medicine.
1517 Pope Leo X commissions Prierias to respond to Luther's 95 thesis. Prierias' *Dialogus* is sent to Luther who responds with *Responsio.*
1517 October 31 Luther posts the 95 These to the door of the Wittenberg Castle church.
1518 Ulrich Zwingli becomes priest at the Great Minster in Zurich.
1518 Melanchthon begins teaching Greek at Wittenberg.
1518 Joachim Vadian resigns from his post at the University of Vienna and returns to St Gall where he is named city physician.
1518 Joachim Vadian and Conrad Grebel climb Mount Pilatus together.
1519 Leipzig Disputation between Luther and Eck. Karlstadt also debates Eck. Leipzig Disputation
1519 Balthasar H¸bmaier expels the Jews from Regensburg during Lent.
1519 Joachim Vadian marries Martha Grebel, Conrad Grebelís sister.
1519 Schwenckfeld experiences his first Heimsuchung (divine experience).
1519 Pope Innocent IX is born.
1519 Thomas Bilney ordained by Bishop West of Ely.
1520 Luther Writes: To the Christian Nobility, On the Babylonian Captivity of the Church, and The Freedom of a Christian
1520 Heinrich Bullinger receives BA from University of Cologne.
1520 Berchtold Haller is ordained a priest.
1521 Edict of Worms issued by Charles V declares Luther an outlaw.
1521 Pope Leo X calls King Henry VIII ìDefender of the Faithî for his publication of an anti-Luther tract.
1521 Balthasar Hubmaier begins ministry in Waldshut.
1521 Diet of Worms Diet of Worms
1521 Zwickau prophets arrive in Wittenberg.
1521 Ignatius Loyola seriously wounded in battle at Pamplona.
1521 Johann Oecolampadius enters a Briggitine monastery.
1521 Peter Canisius is born.
1521 Balthasar H¸bmaier becomes preacher at Waldshut.
1521 Robert Barnes introduces humanist scholarship to Augustinian house in Cambridge.
1521 Anne Askew is born.
1521 Ulrich Zwingli and Berchtold Haller meet for the first time.
1521 Peter Canisius is born.
1521 Pope Leo X dies.
1521 Henry VIII publishes *Assertio Septem Sacramentorum* in defense of the seven sacraments.
1521 Johann Bugenhagen enrolls at Wittenberg.
1521 December 25 Karlstadt celebrates the first public evangelical mass in Wittenberg.
1521 January 21 The first adult baptism of the reformation occurs. First Adult Baptism
1521 May Luther is kidnapped and taken to Wartburg Castle. Wartburg Castle
1522 Pope Adrian VI elected.
1522 Ulrich Zwingli defends those who eat meat during Lent.
1522 Ulrich Zwingli secretly marries Anna Rhinehardt.
1522 Ignatius Loyola spends a year at Manresa.
1522 Bartolome de las Casas becomes a Dominican.
1522 Cajetan sent by pope Adrian VI as legate to Hungary.
1522 Heinrich Bullinger receives MA from University of Cologne.
1522 Karlstadt publishes *A Sermon on the Condition of the Souls that Believe in Christ* which denies the existence purgatory.
1522 January 19 Karlstadt marries Anna von Mochau.
1523 Pope Clement VII elected.
1523 First Zurich Disputation between Zwingli and Johann Faber vicar-general of Constance. Reformation begins in Zurich.
1523 Second Zurich Disputation in which Zwingli argued for the removal of images from churches. Grebel unsuccessfully argued for the abolition of the mass.
1523 Johann Oecolampadius becomes professor at Basel.
1523 Balthasar H¸bmaier begins to enact reforms in Waldshut.
1523 Cajetan completes 4th volume of his commentary on Aquinas' Summa.
1523 Heinrich Bullinger becomes head teacher at Cistercian monastery at Kappel.
1523 Heinrich Bullinger meets Ulrich Zwingli.
1523 Karlstadt publishes *On the Manifoldness of the Unity of God's Will*.
1523 Karlstadt begins his ministry at Orlam¸nde.
1523 Sylvester Mazzolini Prierias dies.
1523 Pope Adrian VI dies.
1523 December Austrian officials enter Waldshut and demand the Balthasar H¸bmaier be arrested. The town resists and soon becomes involved in the Peasants' War.
1524 Menno Simons ordained as Catholic priest.
1524 Gaetano de Thiene founds the Theatines.
1524 Ulrich Zwingli's marriage to Anna Rhinehardt made public.
1524 Balthasar H¸bmaier writes On Heretics and Those Who Burn Them.
1524 Karlstadt publishes *Whether One Should Proceed Slowly* at Basel.
1524 Karlstadt publishes *A Question Whether Anyone May Be Saved Without the Intervention of Mary.*
1524 Thomas Bilney "converts" Hugh Latimer.
1524 April Balthasar H¸bmaier organizes a disputation in Waldshut.
1524 August 21 Luther and Karlstadt meet at the Black Bear Inn in Jena.
1525 Eck publishes Arguments against Luther and Other Enemies of the Church.
1525 Luther marries Katherine von Bora. Martin Luther's Marriage
1525 Johann Eck publishes his most important work, Enchiridian.
1525 Balthasar H¸bmaier writes On the Christian Baptism of Believers.
1525 Balthasar H¸bmaier marries Elsbeth H¸gline.
1525 Vittoria Colonna's husband dies.
1525 Vittoria Colonna enters the Convent of San Silvestro in Rome.
1525 Heinrich Bullinger abolishes the mass at Cistercian monastery.
1525 Schwenckfeld visits Wittenberg and debates Martin Luther concerning the Eucharist.
1525 Schwenckfeld experiences his second Heimsuchung (divine experience).
1525 Berchtold Haller ceases saying Mass in Bern.
1525 Thomas M¸ntzer is beheaded.
1525 Luther allows Karlstadt to seek refuge in Wittenberg.
1525 Thomas Bilney is licensed to preach in Ely.
1525 April 15 Balthasar H¸bmaier and sixty others receive baptism by Wilhelm Reublin in Waldshut.
1525 December Balthasar H¸bmaier flees Waldshut to Zurich.
1525 January Heinrich Bullinger attends Zurich disputation with Anabaptists.
1526 Conrad Grebel dies of the plague.
1526 Menno Simons begins to have doubts about transubstantiation.
1526 Balthasar H¸bmaier begins productive ministry in Nikolsburg.
1526 Heinrich Bullinger celebrates reformed eucharist at Cistercian monastery.
1526 First Diet of Speyer.
1526 Joachim Vadian becomes mayor of St Gall. Later that year, St Gall becomes a reformed city.
1526 Ulrich Zwingli and Berchtold Haller attend the Baden Disputation.
1526 Henry VIII begins courting Anne Boleyn.
1526 Wolsey summons Thomas Bilney and he is forced to take an oath not to disseminate Luther's views.
1526 April 21 Schwenckfeld suggests in a letter circulated among his followers that advocates the suspension of the Lord's Supper.
1526 December 25 Hans Denck is expelled from Strasbourg.
1526 December 25 Hans Denck is expelled from Strasbourg.
1527 Michael Sattler meets in Schleitheim with a group of Anabaptists and drafts Schleitheim Articles. The Schleitheim Meeting
1527 Felix Manz drowned in Z¸rich.
1527 Johann Eck publishes On the Sacrifice of the Mass to refute Zwingli's rejection of the mass.
1527 James Hochstraten dies.
1527 Schwenckfeld experiences his third Heimsuchung (divine experience).
1527 Hans Hut dies of smoke inhilation in prison in Augsburg.
1527 Karlstadt's work *Dialogue on Baptism* is published anonymously. He rejects infant baptism but does not require persons to be re-baptized.
1527 Henry VIII appeals to Pope Clement VII for annulment for marriage to Catharine of Aragon.
1527 July Balthasar H¸bmaier is arrested in Nikolsburg and taken to Vienna.
1527 May 20 Michael Sattler is tortured and burned at the stake.
1527 May 22 Margaretha Sattler is executed by drowning.
1528 Balthasar Hubmaier burned at the stake in Vienna.
1528 Swabian League authorizes military division of 400 horsemen to hunt for Anabaptists.
1528 Sommaschi founded.
1528 Ignatius Loyola graduates from University of Paris.
1528 Heinrich Bullinger accompanies Ulrich Zwingli to the disputation at Bern
1528 Anna Bijns publishes twenty-three poems condemning the reformation.
1528 Joachim Vadian moderates the Bern Disputation.
1528 Jeanne of Navarre is born.
1528 March 10 Balthasar H¸bmaier is burned at the stake in Vienna.
1528 March 13 Elsbeth H¸bmaier is drowned in the Danube.
1529 Luther and Zwingli debate at Marburg Colloquy The Marburg Colloquy
1529 George Blaurock burned at the stake in Tyrol.
1529 Schmalkald League is formed by Lutheran princes to defend their faith.
1529 Matteo da Bascio founds the Capuchins.
1529 Simon Fish publishes The Supplication of Beggars.
1529 Thomas More replaces Wolsey as Lord Chancellor.
1529 Jacob Hutter becomes as Anabaptist preacher.
1529 Second Diet of Speyer. Diet of Speyer 1529
1529 Schwenckfeld is voluntarily exiled from Silesia by Catholics and Lutherans.
1529 Thomas More succeeds Thomas Wolsey as Lord Chancellor.
1529 Karlstadt is expelled from Kiel.
1529 350 Anabaptists killed in Alzey. Alzey Executions
1529 August Heinrich Bullinger marries Anna Adlischwyler.
1529 June Bremgarten becomes a reformed town.
1529 May Heinrich Bullinger replaces his father as pastor at Bremgarten.
1530 Anton Maria Zaccaria founds the Barnabites (Clerks Regular of St. Paul).
1530 Robert Barnes flees to Wittenberg.
1530 William Tracy's will circulates among evangelicals. As a result, his body is exhumed and burned.
1530 Robert Barnes writes A Supplication unto King Henry VIII.
1530 Cesare Baronius is born.
1530 Bucer and Capito write Tetrapolitan Confession.
1530 Zwingli helps Karlstadt become a deacon at the Grossm¸nster in Zurich.
1531 Zwingli dies at the Battle of Kappel.
1531 Robert Barnes writes Supplication to Henry VIII.
1531 Johann Oecolampadius dies.
1531 Menno Simons begins serving as parish priest in Witmarsum.
1531 Heinrich Bullinger arrives in Zurich.
1531 Thomas Bilney executed in London.
1531 December 13 Replaces Zwingli as pastor in Zurich.
1531 October Heinrich Bullinger flees Bremgarten due to the defeat of Zurich troops at Kappel.
1532 John Calvin publishes his first workóa commentary on Senecaís De Clementia.
1532 Guillaume Farel arrives in Geneva.
1532 Berchtold Haller debates Anabaptists in Zofingen.
1532 Berchtold Haller and Capito write the Berner Synodus, a church order for Bern.
1532 Thomas More resigns as Lord Chancellor the day after the Submission of the Clergy is passed.
1532 Thomas More writes Letter Against Frith.
1533 Parliament passes the Act in Restraint of Appeals.
1533 Anne Boleyn gives birth to Elizabeth.
1533 Thomas More writes Confutation of Tyndale's Answer.
1533 Henry VIII is excommunicated.
1533 The Buggery Act is adopted by Henry VIII. The Buggery Act
1533 Johann Bugenhagen receives hid doctorate of theology at Wittenberg.
1533 March Thomas Cranmer is appointed Archbishop of Canterbury by Henry VIII.
1533 May Henry VIII secretly marries Anne Boleyn.
1534 King Henry VIII declares himself the supreme head of the church in England.
1534 M¸nster debacle begins as Jan van Leiden is crowned as king and Matthijs arrives.
1534 Pope Paul III elected.
1534 Act of Supremacy.
1534 Menno Simons publishes The Spiritual Resurrection.
1534 Tommaso de Vio Gaetani Cajetan dies.
1534 Schwenckfeld is exiled from Strasbourg.
1534 Karlstadt becomes professor of Old Testament at Basel.
1534 Pope Clement VII dies.
1534 August 15 Ignatius Loyola and six others (including Francis Xavier) take vows of celebacy and poverty and commit to serving God.
1534 January 5 Bartholomeus Boekbinder ane William de Kuiper arrive in M¸nster and initiate believers' baptism
1535 Calvin moves to Geneva.
1535 Thomas More is beheaded in Tower of London for failing to take the Oath of Supremacy.
1535 Angela Merici founds the Ursulines.
1535 Thomas More is executed.
1535 Pope Gregory XIV is born.
1535 April Pieter Simons and several hundred radical anabaptists are captured after they seized the Oldeklooster monastery near Bolsward and are killed.
1535 April 27 Council of Two Hundred passes a formal declaration that Geneva is a Protestant city.
1535 June 25 Lutherans and Catholics storm Munster. Anabaptist leaders are tortured and executed. The M¬łnster Rebellion
1536 Menni Simons becomes an Anabaptist leader.
1536 William Tyndale burned at stake.
1536 Calvin publishes the first edition of his Institutes of the Christian Religion.
1536 Teresa of Avila enters Carmelite convent in Avila.
1536 Gasparo Contarini asked by pope Paul III to lead papal reform commission.
1536 Thomas Cromwell secures the Act of Dissolution which closes monasteries.
1536 Robert Barnes returns to England.
1536 Heinrich Bullinger authors First Helvetic Confession.
1536 Anna Bijns opens a one-room school.
1536 Berchtold Haller dies.
1536 Jan of Leiden is tortured and killed.
1536 Pope Clement VIII is born.
1536 Henry VIII begins suppressing monasteries.
1536 Catharine of Aragon dies.
1536 Anne Boleyn executed.
1536 Henry VIII marries Jane Seymour.
1536 Pilgrimage of Grace begins. Pilgrimage of Grace
1536 February 25 Jacob Hutter burned at the stake.
1537 Johann Eck publishes a German translation of the Bible.
1537 Vittoria Colonna travels to Ferrera to seek permission to found a Capuchin convent there.
1537 Jane Grey is born
1537 Edward VI is born.
1537 Jane Seymour dies.
1537 January 16 The Little Council and the Council of Two Hundred adopt Calvin's 21 Articles.
1538 Calvin and William Farel are banished from Geneva.
1538 A book of Vittoria Colonna's poetry is published in Parma.
1538 April 21 Calvin and Farel refuse to serve communion in Geneva.
1538 February Libertines gain the majority in Geneva's city council.
1539 Six Articles passed by English parlaiment at Henry VIII's urging.
1539 Menno Simons publishes The Fundament.
1539 Menno Simons publishes Christian Baptism.
1539 Anna Jansz is executed.
1540 Ignatius of Loyola founds the Society of Jesus.
1540 Calvin publishes his commentary on Romans.
1540 Robert Barnes burned at the stake.
1540 Menno Simons publishes Foundation of Christian Doctrine.
1540 Anne Askew marries Thomas Kyme of Kelsey.
1540 Calvin attends Diet of Hagenau.
1540 Henry VIII marries Anne of Cleves.
1540 Henry VIII's marriage to Anne of Cleves is annulled.
1540 Henry VIII marries Katherine Howard.
1540 August Calvin marries Idelette de Bures.
1540 July 28 Henry VIII has Thomas Cromwell executed.
1540 July 30 Robert Barnes burned at the stake.
1541 Peter Riedeman writes Hutterite Confession of Faith.
1541 Schwenckfeld writes his Great Confession.
1541 Regensburg Colloquy.
1541 Juan de Valdes dies.
1541 Menno Simons publishes True Christian Faith.
1541 Vittoria Colonna enters the convent of San Caterina at Viterbo.
1541 Calvin attends Diet of Regensburg.
1541 Karlstadt dies.
1541 Peter Canisius becomes the first Jesuit in Germany.
1541 Wolfgang Capito dies.
1541 November 20 Geneva city councils approve Calvin's Ecclesiastical Ordinances as the church constitution.
1541 September 13 Calvin returns to Geneva.
1542 Gasparo Contarini dies.
1542 Pope Paul III establishes the Congregation of the Inquisition.
1542 Albert Pighius dies.
1542 Robert Bellarmine is born.
1542 Katherine Howard executed for treason.
1543 Johann Eck dies.
1543 Henry VIII marries Catherine Parr.
1544 Anne Askew's husband, Thomas Kyme expels her from his home because of her "heretical" views.
1545 Council of Trent begins its first session. Council of Trent
1545 Anne Askew arrested twice in 1545 in London.
1546 Luther dies in Eisleben.
1546 Anne Askew arrested for the third time.
1546 July Schmalkald War begins. Schmalkald War
1546 July 16 Anne Askew was tied to a chair and burned alive.
1546 June 28 Anne Askew condemned.
1546 June 29 Anne Askew placed on the rack and tortured until many bones were broken. She refused to recant.
1547 Henry VIII dies.
1547 Vittoria Colonna dies.
1547 Peter Canisius advises Cardinal Georg Truchsess von Waldburg at the Council of Trent.
1547 April Schmalkald War ends.
1548 Ignatius Loyola's Spiritual Excercises first published in its entirety.
1548 Anna Bijns publishes another anti-Lutheran work: The Second Book Containing Many Beautifully Artistic Refrains.
1548 Katherine Parr dies.
1549 Thomas Cranmer's First Book of Common Prayer published
1549 Peter Canisius begins teaching at the University of Ingolstadt.
1550 Pope Julius III elected.
1551 Council of Trent begins its second session.
1551 Joachim Vadian dies.
1551 Kaspar von Schwenckfeld dies.
1551 Martin Bucer dies.
1552 Francis Xavier dies.
1552 Thomas Cranmer publishes the Second Book of Common Prayer.
1552 John Cochlaeus dies.
1552 Andreas Osiander dies.
1553 Michael Servetus arrested in Geneva and burned at the stake.
1553 Thomas Cranmer writes Forty Two Articles of the Reformed Faith.
1553 Edward VI dies at age fifteen.
1553 Michael Servetus is burned at the stake in Geneva.
1553 October 1 Queen Mary ascends to the throne.
1554 Jane Grey is executed.
1554 Pope Gregory XV is born.
1555 Pope Marcellus II elected.
1555 Pope Paul IV elected.
1555 Nicholas Ridley and Hugh Latimer burned at the stake.
1555 Peter Canisius publishes his first catechism written for priests and adults.
1555 Paola Antonia Negri dies.
1555 Pope Julius III dies.
1556 Thomas Cranmer burned at the stake.
1556 Pilgram Marpeck dies.
1556 Ignatius Loyola dies.
1556 Peter Canisius publishes a catechism for children and one for youth.
1557 Peter Canisius attends the Colloquy of Worms.
1558 Queen Mary dies.
1558 Reginald Pole dies.
1559 Menno Simons dies.
1559 Pope Pius IV elected.
1559 Pope Paul IV approves and publishes the first Index of Forbidden Books.
1560 Melanchthon dies.
1561 Marie Dentiere dies.
1562 Council of Trent begins its third session.
1562 Teresa of Avila founds St. Joseph's convent in Avila.
1562 Katharina Zell dies.
1564 John Calvin dies.
1564 Wibrandis Rosenblatt dies.
1564 Heinrich Bullinger's wife Anna and three children die of the plague.
1564 Argula von Grumbach dies.
1566 Pope Pius V elected.
1566 Heinrich Bullinger authors Second Helvetic Confession.
1567 Third volume of Anna Bijns poetry is published.
1568 Dirk Philips dies.
1571 Thirty Nine Articles written under Queen Elizabeth.
1571 Peter Canisius publishes Life of John the Baptist.
1572 Pope Gregory XIII elected.
1572 Jeanne of Navarre dies.
1572 August 24 St Bartholomew's Day Massacre about 100,000 Huguenots slaughtered.
1575 Matthew Parker dies.
1575 Heinrich Bullinger dies.
1575 Anna Bijns probably dies.
1577 Peter Canisius publishes The Life of Virgin Mary.
1580 Peter Canisius founds a Jesuit college in Fribourg.
1582 Teresa of Avila dies.
1585 Pope Gregory XIII dies.
1591 Pope Gregory XIV dies.
1591 Pope Innocent IX dies.
1597 Peter Canisius dies.
1605 Theodore Beza dies.
1605 Pope Clement VIII dies.
1607 Cesare Baronius dies.
1621 Robert Bellarmine dies.
1623 Pope Gregory XV dies.